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Investment Solutions

Tax Efficiency

Tax-advantaged investment solutions aim to help investors keep more of what they earn

  • Investors are facing the most significant changes to the U.S. tax code in decades
  • Cohen & Steers provides access to specialized strategies with inherent tax efficiencies
  • Learn more about new opportunities to potentially increase your take-home income
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Potential Tax Benefits Across Asset Classes

Midstream Energy & MLPs
  • Midstream companies pay a high amount of return of capital (ROC)
  • This ROC is due to significant depreciation of pipeline assets
  • Some midstream mutual funds are more tax-efficient than others
REITs
  • New deduction: REIT income distributions now taxed 20% less
  • REITs pay three “flavors” of tax-advantaged income
  • Income is taxed only once, at the shareholder level
Preferred Securities
  • Most distributions are qualified dividend income (QDI)
  • QDI is taxed at a much lower rate than ordinary income from bonds
  • Preferreds currently offer higher after-tax yields than municipal bonds

Insights

Multi Strategy

Three Tax‑Smart Alternatives

Investors are facing the most significant changes to the U.S. tax code in decades. Here are a few strategies with inherent tax efficiencies to help investors diversify sources of income and potentially enhance their take-home income.

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Preferred Securities

A Tax‑Advantaged Alternative to Munis

Preferred securities currently offer among the highest after-tax yields in fixed income—even better than munis, regardless of tax bracket.

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REITs

Tee Up for REIT Tax Benefits

Taxes on REIT income distributions may qualify for a new 20% deduction

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MLPs

Midstream Funds: Know What You Own

Does your MLP fund take full advantage of potential tax benefits? Learn what to look for.

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Videos

Real Estate Securities

REITs: Three Flavors of Tax-Efficient Income

2:44
Preferred Securities

Preferred Securities: An Attractive Alternative to Munis

2:01
Real Estate Securities

Return of Principal vs. Return of Capital

1:38
Midstream Energy & MLPs

Midstream Energy: A New Look at ROC

3:21
REITs: Three Flavors of Tax-Efficient Income
Preferred Securities: An Attractive Alternative to Munis
Return of Principal vs. Return of Capital
Midstream Energy: A New Look at ROC

Stay Informed

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Important Disclosures

This information is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal or tax advice. You should consult your legal or tax advisor regarding your individual circumstances.

The views and opinions are as of the date of publication and are subject to change without notice. This material represents an assessment of the market environment at a specific point in time, should not be relied upon as investment advice and is not intended to predict the performance of any investment. We consider the information to be accurate, but we do not represent that it is complete or should be relied upon as the sole source of suitability for investment. There is no guarantee that any historical trend illustrated above will be repeated in the future, and there is no way to predict precisely when such a trend will begin. There is no guarantee that a market forecast set forth in this commentary will be realized.

Please consider the investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses of any Cohen & Steers fund carefully before investing. A summary prospectus and prospectus containing this and other information may be obtained free of charge, by visiting cohenandsteers.com or by calling 800.330.7348. Please read the summary prospectus and prospectus carefully before investing.

Risks of investing in Real Estate Securities
The risks of investing in real estate securities are similar to those associated with direct investments in real estate, including falling property values due to increasing vacancies or declining rents resulting from economic, legal, political or technological developments, lack of liquidity, limited diversification and sensitivity to certain economic factors such as interest rate changes and market recessions. Foreign securities involve special risks, including currency fluctuations, lower liquidity, political and economic uncertainties, and differences in accounting standards. Some international securities may represent small- and medium-sized companies, which may be more susceptible to price volatility and be less liquid than larger companies. No representation or warranty is made as to the efficacy of any particular strategy or fund, or the actual returns that may be achieved.

Risks of Investing in Preferred Securities
Investing in any market exposes investors to risks. In general, the risks of investing in preferred securities are similar to those of investing in bonds, including credit risk and interest-rate risk. As nearly all preferred securities have issuer call options, call risk and reinvestment risk are also important considerations. In addition, investors face equity-like risks, such as deferral or omission of distributions, subordination to bonds and other more senior debt, and higher corporate governance risks with limited voting rights.

Risks associated with preferred securities differ from risks inherent with other investments. In particular, in the event of bankruptcy, a company’s preferred securities are senior to common stock but subordinated to all other types of corporate debt. Throughout this presentation we will make comparisons of preferred securities to corporate bonds, municipal bonds and 10- Year Treasury bonds. It is important to note that corporate bonds sit higher in the capital structure than preferred securities, and therefore in the event of bankruptcy will be senior to the preferred securities. Municipal bonds are issued and backed by state and local governments and their agencies, and the interest from municipal securities is often free from both state and local income taxes. 10-Year Treasury bonds are issued by the U.S. government and are generally considered the safest of all bonds since they’re backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government as to timely payment of principal and interest.

Preferred funds may invest in below investment-grade securities and unrated securities judged to be below investment-grade by the Advisor. Below investment-grade securities or equivalent unrated securities generally involve greater volatility of price and risk of loss of income and principal, and may be more susceptible to real or perceived adverse economic and competitive industry conditions than higher grade securities.

Contingent capital securities (sometimes referred to as “CoCos”) are debt or preferred securities with loss absorption characteristics built into the terms of the security, for example a mandatory conversion into common stock of the issuer under certain circumstances, such as the issuer’s capital ratio falling below a certain level. Since the common stock of the issuer may not pay a dividend, investors in these instruments could experience a reduced income rate, potentially to zero, and conversion would deepen the subordination of the investor, hence worsening the investor’s standing in a bankruptcy. Some CoCos provide for a reduction in the value or principal amount of the security under such circumstances. In addition, most CoCos are considered to be high yield or “junk” securities and are therefore subject to the risks of investing in below-investment-grade securities. No representation or warranty is made as to the efficacy of any particular strategy or fund or the actual returns that may be achieved.

Duration Risk
Duration is a mathematical calculation of the average life of a fixed-income or preferred security that serves as a measure of the security’s price risk to changes in interest rates (or yields). Securities with longer durations tend to be more sensitive to interest rate (or yield) changes than securities with shorter durations. Duration differs from maturity in that it considers potential changes to interest rates, and a security’s coupon payments, yield, price and par value and call features, in addition to the amount of time until the security matures. Various techniques may be used to shorten or lengthen the Fund’s duration. The duration of a security will be expected to change over time with changes in market factors and time to maturity.

Risks of Investing in MLP Securities
An investment in MLPs involves risks that differ from a similar investment in equity securities, such as common stock, of a corporation. Holders of equity securities issued by MLPs have the rights typically afforded to limited partners in a limited partnership. As compared to common shareholders of a corporation, holders of such equity securities have more limited control and limited rights to vote on matters affecting the partnership. There are certain tax risks associated with an investment in equity MLP units. Additionally, conflicts of interest may exist among common unit holders, subordinated unit holders and the general partner or managing member of an MLP; for example, a conflict may arise as a result of incentive distribution payments.

MLPs are subject to significant regulation and may be adversely affected by changes in the regulatory environment, including the risk that an MLP could lose its tax status as a partnership. MLPs may trade less frequently than larger companies due to their smaller capitalizations, which may result in erratic price movement or difficulty in buying or selling. MLPs may have additional expenses, as some MLPs pay incentive distribution fees to their general partners. The value of MLPs depends largely on the MLPs being treated as partnerships for U.S. federal income tax purposes. If MLPs were subject to U.S. federal income taxation, distributions generally would be taxed as dividend income. As a result, after-tax returns could be reduced, which could cause a decline in the value of MLPs. If MLPs are unable to maintain partnership status because of tax law changes, the MLPs would be taxed as corporations and there could be a decrease in the value of the MLP securities.

Cohen & Steers Capital Management, Inc. (Cohen & Steers) is a registered investment advisory firm that provides investment management services to corporate retirement, public and union retirement plans, endowments, foundations and mutual funds.

Cohen & Steers U.S. registered open-end funds are distributed by Cohen & Steers Securities, LLC and are only available to U.S. residents.

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